The tasks of backup and restoration in Windows are maintenance techniques essential for any user or professional who wants to keep personal and corporate information safe from a computer. If the backups allow protecting the data, the restoration allows recovering an operating system in a simple, fast and safe way. In the connected world in which we live, complicated by the use of multiple devices, 100% security is impossible. A physical problem with the storage units of the equipment or in the memories; a corruption of the operating system caused generally by some application or installation of controllers, or by the infection of some type of malware of which they arise with more force week to week, can cause us a big problem in time of work, recovery, or what it is worse, an irreparable loss of data .
The industry offers powerful commercial applications to perform this type of maintenance tasks, but all operating systems offer their own internal solutions. Today we are going to remind you of the operation of the backup, restoration and recovery tools included in the latest operating systems of Microsoft, Windows 10 and 7. Its use is highly recommended because they can “save our lives” in case of any problem.
Full backup of the system
It is the indicated method when we want to safeguard all the data of the equipment, operating system, configuration, applications, and user files. The tool is available in Windows 10 and Windows 7 and allows you to create a complete image of the necessary drives for Windows to run. This image can be used to restore the computer in case of critical errors in it. It is managed as follows: The backup can take from 10 minutes to several hours depending on the amount of data to be processed, although you can use the computer during the process. The tool does not allow customization of the files to be included, but it is a simple method that can be performed from the same operating system, which will produce a complete image that we can restore if the storage unit or the same equipment stops working.
As its name suggests, it is the indicated method to save a customized backup of the main folders and files of the system to recover them if they are lost or damaged. As follows: Once activated for the first time, you can access the Advanced Settings to choose how often the copies will be made and how long the saved versions will be maintained. In case of problems you just have to click on the option Restore personal files and choose the version of the files, you want to return to their original location.
The restore points in Windows are another great help to solve problems in the operating system before a serious system error, virus, installation of drivers or some application that does not work properly and that sometimes destabilizes the operating system. The restore points in Windows are created and managed with the System Restore system recovery tool. Its operation is as simple as powerful. The utility saves the files and main configuration of the operating system, settings, drivers, registry keys or installed programs and in case of errors, it allows to revert the changes made and return to an earlier state where the system worked correctly.
Its operation and management is basically the same in Windows 7, 8.1 and 10 and is very useful for any user when the system does not work well or it does so erratically as a result of some installation or modification in its parameters, something not infrequent in the Microsoft systems. It also serves as insurance against important changes in the system, such as when we make changes to the registry.
How to create restore points in Windows
To check if we have the active function or manage it, let’s access the System Protection tool located in the control panel of the operating system or directly from the search box by typing “system restore” or “restore points”: This way we will enter the ‘System / System Protection’ tool and we will be able to see if we have activated the system restore function and in how many of the available units. We recommend at least activate it in the disk partition where we have installed the operating system. We can also set the configuration, manage the disk space we have dedicated and delete previous restoration points that we will not use.
Click on Configure and activate the protection of the system. We will also have to determine the use of the space of the storage unit that we are going to assign to this restoration function and that will depend on our needs and on the total capacity that we have in the equipment. Once activated the function and we can create restore points when we are interested, recommending it before changes in hardware, installation of drivers or applications of which we doubt its operation. Obviously, we must create the restore points when the system works correctly.
How to restore the system
Once the restoration points are created, we can use them to undo those unwanted changes that have caused errors in the system. From the same screen of ‘System properties,’ we can restore the system to revert the equipment to a previous point in case of problems. Simply click on the button ‘Restore system’ and choose one of the points that we have created manually or an automatic point created by the same system. The tool will restore the files and main settings of the operating system, settings, drivers, registry keys or installed programs at the time they were created and the correct functioning of the system.
How to delete restore points in Windows
If you want to delete the previous restore points to make room for the new ones you can delete them all from the same tool: If what you want is to delete individual points you can also do it although for this you have to resort to other more advanced methods and specifically to the Windows console. Open the terminal with administrative privileges and type the command “vssadmin list shadows”. The restore points are not listed with the name you set in graphics mode but in a snapshot ID. To delete an individual restore point copy and paste that identifier with the command “vssadmin delete shadows/shadow = (snapshot ID)”. In summary. The tasks of backup and restoration in Windows (or in any operating system) are an essential maintenance task that we recommend especially. If a replacement of the damaged hardware can be solved, the loss of professional or personal files can have a great cost and in some cases without possible recovery if you do not have backup copies.
As for the recovery tool is another essential function that allows you to return the equipment to a previous point in a simple and fast way as we had before the problems began, with the consequent saving of your valuable time in reinstallation of the system operational, configuration, applications, and data.