Taking advantage of the release of the latest versions of the Microsoft system and the most popular GNU / Linux distribution of the desktop, Windows 10 May 2019 Update and Ubuntu 19.04, we update our installation guide of systems on the same computer and under dual boot with one step from zero. Leaving aside the insubstantial discussions about which is “the best” operating system, the goal of this type of facility is to enjoy both worlds taking advantage of each one of them, who have them. And also bring a typical Windows user to the installation and testing of a Linux without affecting their machine and can use both on the same computer, booting each of them separately in seconds. Or the same for a Linux user who is still happy with his system wants to try the latest Windows or needs it for some tasks.
Windows 10 and Ubuntu 19 is an ideal combination for being the latest Windows and Linux, but not the only possible and advanced users can combine it with other systems such as Windows 7 or even macOS under Mackintosh. Of course, if you like another distribution you can replace it with Ubuntu because the installation is the same. We put aside the use of virtual machines, another possibility to run different operating systems, but very different from what we intend to achieve with this guide: two operating systems on the same computer (together with but not scrambled) that we can access through a dual boot system.
Windows 10 and Ubuntu 19 – Hardware
The minimum hardware requirements of both systems are very similar. On paper, any team that can run Windows 10 will be able to run Ubuntu 19 because its minimum hardware requirements are very similar. Although Windows still has a much more complete hardware support than Linux and the major manufacturers do not usually support Ubuntu in an official and general way except for specific equipment, the primary hardware (motherboard, processor, graphics, memory and storage) will work in the immense Most computers because Linux distributions today have a great support for the main architectures and controllers, either using free or proprietary drivers.
For you to have a reference, the team where we do the test is an MSI Leopard laptop with Core i7-7700HQ processor, 16 GB of RAM, an integrated Intel 630 graphics card, a dedicated GeForce GTX 1050 and an SSD that replaced the disk in its day hard installed originally. The equipment exceeds the hardware requirements of both systems.
Installing Windows 10 May 2019 Update
If in previous guides we started from a configuration where we added Ubuntu to a computer with Windows installed, this time we will start completely from scratch installing clean copies of both systems. If you have a configuration with Windows and you want to keep it, but adding a Linux distribution, you can look at this guide where we review the management of the partitions and the installation. We start the step by step.
At this point, we have to remember the problems of this type of partition scheme «GPT» with older equipment and operating systems. If you have problems to manage this type of installations mixing Windows with Linux or using other Windows as it can be a dual (or triple) installation with Windows 7 and Windows 10, you will have to use the MBR partition scheme, do without UEFI and above all Secure Boot , the secure boot system that forces you to sign the firmware and software. We have previously confirmed that the new Linux distributions have no problem with this type of partitions and, for example, Ubuntu supports UEFI for some versions through the official Microsoft Secure Boot System for Linux published by the Linux Foundation.
Step 3. Installing Ubuntu
We have already said above that the installation of Linux has advanced in an extraordinary way in a process – almost completely automated and very fast. As follows:
- Insert the created medium in a USB port of the machine and make sure that the pen drive is located at the first boot medium in the BIOS / UEFI as we saw in the Windows installation.
- Restart the computer to start the installation and click on «Install Ubuntu».
- You will enter the graphical installation mode that is explained alone. Click on install and select the language.
- Select the keyboard layout, the type of installation and if you want to download the latest updates.
- You will reach an important section that shows the enormous ease to install Ubuntu. As you can see in the image, the installer recognizes the installed Windows system and allows Ubuntu to be installed next to it without touching the existing partitions and creating their own. (Advanced users can choose to customize, resize, etc.)
- The rest of the screens are trivial and the installation will end without further news. In a team such as a test, with NVMe SSD, it is completed in 6 minutes.
Windows 10 and Ubuntu 19
Once the installation of Ubuntu is complete, you will have the GRUB boot loader available, which is activated every time the computer is started and allows you to start Ubuntu or Windows. That is why in these types of configurations you must first install Windows and Linux later.
You can also select the system to start in the BIOS / UEFI, but it is more cumbersome. We conclude by insisting that this type of installation is an excellent combination to enjoy the advantages of the most advanced version of the desktop operating system and the latest version of the most popular GNU / Linux distribution on the market. Together in the same team, but not scrambled and with a dual boot that allows you to start in one or the other in seconds. The best alternative to use several systems on the same machine is the use of virtual machines, but in consumer machines, they do not offer the same performance as this method.
In addition, your possibilities are not finished with the two systems used for the guide and you can install other Linux, systems like Windows 7 and even an OS X under Hackintosh. You just have to have free storage space, take care of the order of installation, deal with the types of partition, UEFI and Secure Boot (or cancel them where appropriate) and have time and desire for the whole process. Faster and easier than ever.